To test gender as a moderator, we compared an unconstrained multiple group model i. Additionally, casual at-risk teens demonstrated fewer behaviors both supporting and inhibiting autonomy and fewer behaviors both supporting and inhibiting relatedness. The same analytic strategy employing multiple regression analyses was used to examine each hypothesis. Depressive symptomatology as a predictor of exposure to intimate partner violence among U. The study has several limitations.
Investigation of this interesting pattern is an important goal for future research in this area. Taking stock of behavioral measures of adolescent dating violence. An examination of adolescent dating violence perpetration. Interacting systems in human development.
Longitudinal predictors of serious physical and sexual dating violence victimization during adolescence. The effective prevention of dating aggression across a diversity of adolescent populations is critical to the prevention of intimate partner violence across the lifespan. If so, hook prevention efforts could build skills around more productive ways to establish a sense of autonomy in the context of dating relationships. Evidence for its validity comes both from prevention and developmental risk studies. Most items were taken directly from an existing measure Foshee et al.
What accounts for demographic differences in trajectories of adolescent dating violence? Research on the etiology of dating violence is in its early stages. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
It is worth nothing that the mean level test i. Therefore, it stands to reason that the negotiation of autonomy and relatedness with parents is a useful developmental process to investigate in the etiology of dating violence. The effect of emotion regulation strategies on anger. Gwartney-Gibbs, Stockard, and Bohmer found that involvement with aggressive peers was associated with dating aggression among undergraduates.
Recognizing this, numerous organizations have declared preventing adolescent dating abuse a public health and human rights imperative Graffunder et al. Gender differences in the longitudinal predictors of adolescent dating violence. More recent research suggests that high levels of support for autonomy may not always predict positive outcomes for all adolescents Allen, et al. Such precursors may operate differently for different subsets of adolescents whose sex and environmental risk create different contexts from which they approach relationships. Data were omitted from nine students because of patterned responses e.
Clinical Psychology Review. The relation of family functioning to violence among inner-city minority youth. Future directions in emotion dysregulation and youth psychopathology. Through a public health lens. Delinquency was assessed with eight items covering status and other minor offending behaviors e.
Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Journal of Marriage and the Family. Bullying as a longitudinal predictor of adolescent dating violence. An information processing model for the development of aggression. Advance online publication.
Longitudinal mediators of relations between family violence and adolescent dating aggression perpetration. Strengths and Limitations This study contributes to the literatures on the development of autonomy and relatedness and on adolescent dating aggression. Discussion The current study was one of the first empirical attempts to prospectively predict dating aggression in late adolescence from observations of interactions with mothers two years earlier. Developmental approaches to understanding adolescent deviance. Furthermore, in early adolescence, the distinctions between peer and dating affiliations are only beginning to unfold, and early dating relationships emerge out of the peer context Connolly et al.
Gender differences in the longitudinal predictors of dating violence. Longitudinal relationships between individual and class norms supporting dating violence and perpetration of dating violence. The development of romantic relationships in adolescence pp. Abstract This study examined parenting and peer predictors of physical dating violence perpetration during early adolescence and tested moderation among these predictors and gender.
Girls were more likely than boys to report perpetration of both physical and psychological aggression across the models examined. Girls with more problem-prone friends who also reported that their parents did not support nonaggressive solutions were more physically aggressive toward their partner. Peers, drug use, and delinquency. Romantic relationships in adolescence.
Boys, but not girls, who reported that their parents were very involved in their activities were less likely to report physical aggression towards their dating partner. Prevalence and correlates of dating violence in a national sample of adolescents. Journal of Community Psychology. However, among boys, perceived parent support for nonaggressive solutions did not moderate the effect of peer deviancy on physical dating violence.
Review of Educational Research. To illustrate, MacFayden-Ketchum, Bates, Dodge, and Pettit found that an authoritative supportive parenting style led to improved behavioral functioning for girls but not for boys. The current entry synthesizes results from this growing body of research. Roughly two years later, families returned for the second wave of data collection.
Longitudinal effect of intimate partner abuse on high-risk behavior among adolescents. For each hypothesis, four dating aggression variables perpetration and victimization of both physical and psychological aggression were examined. Physical dating aggression growth during adolescence. Aggression and antisocial behavior in youth. Because the physical aggression variables were positively skewed, square root transformations of the sum scores for perpetration and victimization were used.
- Students received a small incentive for returning the consent form, regardless of consent status e.
- Health Education Research.
- Autonomy and relatedness in family interactions as predictors of negative adolescent affect.
Findings on whether gender is a moderator of links between peer and parenting domains and dating aggression have been inconsistent across investigations. Developmental outcomes of using physical violence against dates and peers. Dating violence may be a developmentally relevant expression of a general antisocial tendency Capaldi et al. Assessing the long-term effects of the Safe Dates program and a booster in preventing and reducing adolescent dating violence victimization and perpetration.
Dating Abuse Prevalence Consequences and Predictors
Mixed-sex settings and the perception of competence. Adolescents self-reported on perpetration and victimization of physical and psychological dating aggression two years later. More recently, Kinsfogel and Grych found that the frequency and number of friends who engaged in dating violence was associated with self-reported dating violence. This study examined parenting and peer predictors of physical dating violence perpetration during early adolescence and tested moderation among these predictors and gender. Early romantic affiliations tend to emerge from existing peer networks Connolly et al.
- Conflict and negotiation in adolescent romantic relationships.
- Although purely speculative, it may be that high parent support for nonaggressive, prosocial behavior buffers girls from involvement with deviant peers.
- It has been suggested that boys may be reluctant to admit to dating aggression because of the societal unacceptability of such behaviors and therefore may underreport.
Dating Abuse Prevalence Consequences and Predictors
Additionally, family members participated in videotaped dyadic interactions. American Journal of Health Behavior. First, the data were cross-sectional, which limits how differential influence of variables or any causal inferences can be inferred.
Results indicate that autonomy is a dynamic developmental process, operating differently as a function of social contexts in predicting dating aggression. Active parent consent and student assent were obtained for all participants. Journal of Abnormal Psychology. Emotion regulation and aggression. Proximal and time-varying effects of cigarette, alcohol, dating english registration marijuana and other hard drug use on adolescent dating aggression.